Friday, September 28, 2018

Go Away Big Green Monster!

Ed Emberly is one of my favorite artists- so many fun books! I first found him when I bought the fingerprint book - if you don't have this, it is a great gift for the younger than 10 age! Here is the book:
















Today's post is all about Ed Emberley's book, "Go Away, Big GREEN Monster!".  The book is available here.  This is SUCH a cute book and so much fun for fall and Halloween without ever mentioning "Halloween".  The boldly colored pages reveal increasingly scary features of a big green monster.  "You don't scare me!" reads the caption after the monster is fully revealed.  As each page is turned, the scary features disappear, as does, of course, the monster. "And don't come back! Until I say so,".  
The activity below comes as a pdf with choices in how to present the speech/rhythm as notation only, text only, or rhythm and text.  

Go Away, Big Green Monster!

Process:
Print cards and cut apart. Choose which “set” to use – the next 3 slides use the words and the rhythm, the next 3 have words only, the final 3 have rhythmic notation only.
Read book, begin by speaking piano gradually crescendo, at “Big green scary face”, descrescendo at “Until I say so”.
Discuss story and volume of voice; speaking voice vs. shouting voice; introduce/reinforce the four voices, introduce/reinforce dynamics of loud/quiet, very loud/very quiet and getting louder/getting quieter.
Read again, speak rhythm parts of story (two big yellow eyes, etc.) students echo using speaking voice/volume and clap rhythm of words.
Discuss/review unpitched percussion instrument timbres; what instrument would work for “two big yellow eyes”?  What about for “Big green scary face”?
Show cards, students decide instruments for each part.
Divide into 6 small groups, one for each card; assign instruments to groups.
Small groups practice, add repeat - students perform each card twice with instruments, perform with book.
Extension:  Small Groups create a short 8 beat movement piece with scarves or other props.

Here are some of the slides for the activity- email me at musicquilt@hotmail.com for the full pdf!




Hope  you enjoy this one!


Friday, September 21, 2018

Vocal Exploration to Notation

This is a resource I created to help students go from vocal exploration to notation. Use the individual colored slides for younger students and ask - where does it move, high to low, low to high?  Does it go up and down, etc.  You could also use these for movement pathways. Notice there is no clef so you can use them right side up or upside down.   If you would like to have the full  pdf with 113 slides, please send an email to musicquilt@hotmail.com.

Each slide begins with a colored vocal exploration or movement pathway:
The next slide places the staff on the slide:
Notes are added:
Then the image is removed:
Here are a few others:





Hope you enjoy these!

Saturday, September 15, 2018

Being Sensitive with Our Song Culture and History



*Updated 06-29-2020
In the United States, the song literature we use in elementary music education is rooted in folk songs.  As we grow as a culture and deepen our sensitivity and understandings of our past history, we learn things about our culture that are problematic and offensive.  Some of our songs have histories with inappropriate themes and others have racist overtones, mocking or degrading various cultures, particularly black or African American culture.  Just recently a music teacher friend learned that the folk song, "Jump Jim Joe" was racist.  The New England Dancing Masters changed the title of their book, "Jump Jim Joe", to "Rise, Sally, Rise" acknowledging the sensitive and negative history of the song.  Although the one song is problematic, the remainder of the collection is a treasure trove of children's song material.  It is available here.

By now you may have heard that "Ring Around the Rosie" is a song about the Black Plague. That is FALSE and urban legend according to historians. The plague began in 1347 and the earliest print appearance of “Ring Around the Rosie” did not occur until 1881 when Kate Greenaway’s Mother Goose or The Old Nursery Rhymes was published. 
What you may not know is that that "Sing a Song of Sixpence" is about piracy, and that "Lucy Locket" is about the prostitute Kitty Fisher.  Back in the day, Locket was a euphemism for a particular female body part.  Check out the full story, along with how Casanova plays into the story here.
Is your mouth hanging open yet?
Mine was.  Though many of these songs appear innocent at first glance, as the lyrics have been "whitewashed",  I cannot "unlearn" the offensive and often racist histories behind these problematic songs.

Below is an incomplete list - incomplete because the more we learn, the more we understand and uncover. The truth behind much of our song history has been whitewashed, in the most literal sense, and so this list will be continually updated and added to.  
I must add that, although sources are listed, if a link is broken please understand it is not only my responsibility to read and research and do the work. We are all capable of researching and questioning song material. Do the work, question songs, engage others in doing the work with you. We are stronger together.

Partial List of Problematic Song Material

  • "Black Joke" AKA "Hey Ho, Diddly Dum" original lyrics were vulgar and referenced sexual intercourse and female genitalia. Read more from the Traditional Tune Archive here. Original sheet music from the American Antiquarian Society.
  • "The Boatman's Dance" was originally titled “De Boatman’s Dance".  It was performed in minstrel shows and mocked the speech of enslaved people.  Read more from Song of America Project.
  • "The Cat Came Back" was originally titled, "“The Cat Came Back: A N...r Absurdity”. The lyrics mocked the speech of enslaved people and was sung in minstrel shows.  See the original sheet music from the National Library.
  • "Camptown Races" is a minstrel show which mocked the speech of enslaved people. Read more here.
  • "Chicken on a Fencepost" AKA "Can't Dance Josey"  the original lyrics contain racial slurs and theme of African American death. Original recording was on Holy Names University Folk Song Database and accessible until November 2019 when Holy Names was informed of racist lyrics and removed recording and sheet music. Library of Congress has the original recording.
  • "Coffee Grows on White Oak Trees" AKA "Four in the Middle" is a variant of "Can't Dance Josey" (See above).
  • "Cotton Eyed Joe" "Dinah" is a code word for an enslaved woman and contains a shortened racial slur. This song was used in minstrel shows. Original lyrics from On the Trail of Negro Folk Songs by Dorothy Scarborough. More information on use of "Dinah" from Collectors Weekly.
  • "Cumberland Gap" has derogatory terms for African Americans, "killing" of Indigenous people, "Hell", war, and "Dinah" (see Cotton Eyed Joe"), from American Ballads and Folk Songs, John A. Lomax and Alan Lomax, pages 346-347.
  • "Do Your Ears Hang Low" derived from "Turkey in the Straw" which was used in minstrel shows, see NPR Code Switch article. Also see "The Ice Cream Truck Song", "Turkey in the Straw", and "Zip a Dee Doo Da" below.
  • "Eenie Meenie Miney Mo" US variant uses racial slur. Oxford Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes shows the roots are probably Scottish or Irish where the "n word" was unknown in any English traditional rhyme or proverb. First recorded in New York City in 1815 as:     Hana, man, mona, mike;                                                                                                                 Barcelona, bona, strike;                                                                                                                   Hare, ware, frown, vanac;                                                                                                               Harrico, warico, we wo, wac
  • "Epo i tai tai" is often listed erroneously as "Hawaiian". From the Maori Indigenous people of New Zealand.  In personal communication, the Maori Cultural Center was clear that this was not a song for children as it references male genitalia, bull testicles, and the virility of male warriors. 
  • "Five Little Monkeys" was originally about enslaved people, one who was sick and the other one dead.  "Shortnin' Bread" is the chorus of "Five Little Monkeys".  "Monkeys" was a sanitized yet veiled epithet in reference to African Americans. Read the full story from Pancojams here.
  • "Hey Ya Na" AKA "Apache Melody" cannot be verified as being authentic.
  • "The Ice Cream Truck Song" is associated with a song called "N...r Love a Watermelon".  See NPR Code Switch article. Also see "Do Your Ears Hang Low", "Turkey in the Straw", and "Zip a Dee Doo Dah."
  • "Jimmy Crack Corn" AKA "Blue Tail Fly" is about an enslaved person whose master has died. Many historians believe the enslaved person is rejoicing in his master's death.
  • "John Kanaka" was sung by English speaking sailors who had difficulty speaking the names of their fellow Hawaiian sailors. The Hawaiian name "Kanaka," means "Hawaiian Man" and became a stereotypical name for any Hawaiian person.
  • "Jump Jim Joe" began as the song, "Jump Jim Crow".  From Wikepedia,  '"Jump Jim Crow" or "Jim Crow" is a song and dance from 1828 that was done in blackface by white minstrel performer Thomas Dartmouth (T. D.) ... As a result of Rice's fame, the term Jim Crow had become a pejorative meaning African American by 1838 and from this the laws of racial segregation became known as Jim Crow laws.'
  • "Jim Along Josie" is a song that began as a blackface minstrel song in which African Americans and enslaved people are mocked and demoralized. Read more at Decolonizing the Music Room.
  • "Johnny on the Woodpile", the name "Johnny" is often used as a euphemism for a racial slur and is related to the song "N...r on the Woodpile".
  • "Oh Susanna" contains racial slurs and theme of murder. The lyrics mock enslaved peoples speech.  It was originally sung in minstrel shows.  Read more from U. S. History Scene here.
  • "Old Dan Tucker" was sung in minstrel shows and the lyrics mock the speech of enslaved people. Read more from Pancojams.
  • "Pick a Bale of Cotton" pokes fun at the conditions enslaved people endured.  A bale of cotton weighed about 500 pounds. An average man picked about 200 pounds a day working sun up to sun down (and often beyond). It was not humanly possible to pick a bale in a day and therefore mocked enslaved people. The song also contains the "n" word as has been referenced previously. There is some thought that the song may not have been a work song at all but a song created at the time of minstrel shows as there is no documentation of it before the 1930's. Read The REAL History Of The Song "Pick A Bale Of Cotton" (Partial Time Line From the 1930s to 1979) from Pancojams.
  • "Run, Children, Run" had an original title of "Run N...r Run". 
  • "Tie Me Kangaroo Down" is an Australian song, the original lyrics include a racial slur against Aboriginal Australians.
  • "Turkey in the Straw" was used in minstrel shows. Possible root was minstrel song "Zip Coon", see Ferris State University's Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia article, "Old Zip Coon/Turkey in the Straw." Original sheet music from New York Public Library Digital Collections shows stereotype image of African Americans on cover.  See also "Do Your Ears Hang Low" and "Zip a Dee Doo Dah."
  • "Zip a Dee Doo Dah" -derived from "Turkey in the Straw", same tune as "Zip Coon", sung in minstrel shows, the chorus of which is "O zip a duden duden duden zip a duden day." See NPR Code Switch article.  See also "Turkey in the Straw", "The Ice Cream Song", and "Do Your Ears Hang Low."

Some of these songs came from minstrel shows, in which performers appeared in blackface makeup. 
Folkloreforum has this to say about the minstrel show;
The minstrel show was popular even before the Civil War, performed before audiences in both the North and the South. However, the shows’ materials changed once freedom was granted to the Negro slaves in the United States. Before the matter of freed slaves became a volatile issue, the typical minstrel show exhibited white men in black makeup performing song and dance exaggerated by lack of coordination and improper English, a style that became known as Jim Crow. After the Civil War, the stage opened itself up to new performers, recently freed slaves, willing to impersonate the impersonator. These performers, though already darker skinned, adhered to the minstrelsy tradition of blackface makeup. The tone of these black caricatures became less innocent and more damaging to blacks. 
Read the full Folklore Forum article, “Ten Little N...s”: The Making of a Black Man’s Consciousness by Tiffany M. B. Anderson, The Ohio State University.



What Now?



Does failing to acknowledge the history behind the songs negate/devalue how far we have come from these times?  

As music teachers, we control the narrative of musical culture and history for most of our students. We need to be aware of what we are supporting, perpetuating, and celebrating.  Prejudices, stereotypes, and biases can be subtle and unclear.  For me, I cannot use songs that have brought pain and humiliation, or devalue people. I cannot use the melodies and alter the words, either, as the melody has meaning and will be associated with the lyrics.  If we are committed to including ALL of our students and fighting systemic racism, we have to be prepared to let go of these songs that have the power to exclude and choose song material that is inclusive of every child and their families.

We are so fortunate to have such a variety of song literature - there are so many high quality songs that do not perpetuate stereotypes or racism.  Problematic songs have their place; studied at a time when children are developmentally ready. For me, that is not with my 4-11 year old children.
The choices we make matter, not only to us as individuals and educators, but also to our students sense of self and identity.  The potential impact, not our intentions, guide us in deciding the choice to use a song and if so, how much information to share. If  using a song may offend, or has the potential to do so, then we should reconsider our choices.
Continue to research, the more we learn, the more informed choices we can make. 
Do the best you can until you know better. Then when you better ...



Monday, September 10, 2018

On Halloween Night

I love Fall!  This is a quick post today about a song I wrote a while back but finally put into Finale just this week!
This goes with the book, On Halloween Night by Ferida Wolff and Dolores Kozielski, available here from amazon.com.
After every page or every two pages, perform the song below.  Add gongs, shakers, whistling wind tubes and thunder drums for a super fun book.  If your recorder players are learning E like mine, and pretty solid on BAG they will love to play the "Ooo" part!  
Enjoy and Happy Fall! 

Wednesday, September 5, 2018

Cupcakes!

We've all had cravings. A few months ago on my birthday, I really wanted strawberry cake.  I was going to make one for myself that afternoon- same as my mom used to make me when I was a kid. My daughter and I have made it several times over the years - amazingly moist, with strawberries between two layers of Betty Crocker strawberry cake mix (yes, I cheat and use a mix, don't judge), and cooked "White Mountain" frosting that is heavenly!  So, when my husband took us out to breakfast, we went to a place we knew had  a similar strawberry cake, with buttercream frosting - so yummy!  We sat down, placed our order and I excitedly asked for the strawberry cake only to be told they were out.  SO disappointed!  We ate our eggs and bacon (not at ALL what I wanted) and then my husband drove to the next town to the sister restaurant of the first (local chain).  He got the cake, off we went to run errands and grocery shop.  While at the grocery store I went to the baking aisle to get my box of cake mix and lo and behold, NO STRAWBERRY CAKE!  I felt like the fates were conspiring against my wish for strawberry cake!  Two more grocery stores later and we finally found my cake mix.  Went home, baked, and it was perfect.  Went through one failed batch of frosting -it is picky, but worth it, then frosted the cake.  My daughter put the sliced strawberries on the top and it was beautiful. Into the fridge it went - and when it was time for presents and singing, out came the cake - with the strawberries sliding down the cake leaving slug.  It was hysterical!  Tasted great, though, and we laughed and laughed!
All that to say today's blog post is inspired!  Did you know cupcakes were first mentioned in an American cookbook in 1796?  They were originally cakes baked in small cups! 
Shown is a sample of the lesson- email me at musicquilt@hotmail.com for the full pdf.